Healthy bile is a liquid made in the liver and travels to the biles which helps indigestion. Biliary atresia is unique from other urinary ailments as it afflicts newborns. In biliary atresia, the infant's biles are inflamed and blocked immediately after birth and it destroys all the liver cells.
This is unique from other urinary ailments as the child manifests certain conditions like 2-6 weeks after birth:
We know about it a few weeks after the child’s birth as any symptoms and perform certain tests to confirm biliary atresia in an infant. Blood test- We take the blood test to check any abnormal consistency in it. Liver Biopsy- It’s the most precise test to confirm the presence of bile ailment. In a biopsy, a small portion of the liver tissue is removed and sent for examination to the laboratory. Here it is analysed for cancerous cell formation.
We recommend the treatment to begin within 3 months of birth. Laparoscopic surgery has made it possible to conduct such surgeries on newborn babies. Early treatment ensures that the child will have a normal and healthy life.
Radiation therapy- A high powered machine is focused on the cancer cells in the child’s kidney. The radiation emitted from this machine kills the cancer cells but works only in stage 3 cancer and above.
Kasai Surgery- A small incision is made for the insertion of tools through the tube in the bile.
It is normal for the child to lead a full and normal life if the liver transplant is successful. But if there is no liver transplant the child may live till the age of 2. The best pediatric urologis t will inform you about everything before the surgery as well as its consequences.
It doesn’t seem to be hereditary as it develops after birth and is diagnosed only after birth. If it was hereditary the factors would be present from the conception and the best pediatric urologist in Delhi will find about it