A Chloecordcyst is a cyst of bile ducts. This is the rarest form of congenital disorder and strikes very few infants. In normal situations, the duct helps in food digestion in kids. In Chloecordcyst, the infant’ duct tube swells causing the bile to lock up in the liver and pancreatic juice flows back in the bile duct instead of the bladder. Early treatment is necessary to prevent the risk of bile cancer in adulthood.
In case of doubt, we watch out for the following symptoms in the infants. Sometimes the symptom doesn’t become visible till the child reaches the age of 10 years. But it makes sense to watch for these signs:
In older kids, these symptoms become more prominent signalling the advent of Chloecordcyst.
Chloecordcysts are divided into 4 separate categories:
The treatment of Chloecordcyst depends on the location of the Cyst. Any treatment undertaken by us is only after following these methods for its optimum diagnosis:
Once it has been confirmed that the child has a Chloecordcyst. The only way to remove it through surgery. We use the advanced surgical method to make this more successful than open surgery. It is safe hence even infants can undergo this operation.
Laparoscopic surgery- A small cut is made in the skin and a telescope-like instrument is inserted. It passes through the body and cuts the cyst from the inside and removes it. Once the cyst is removed the hole is closed.
Reconstruction surgery- It is the next step after the MIS surgery. The bile is reconstructed in the infant allowing a smooth movement from bile through ducts.
It is essential to healing it at the earliest as it is curable in the early stage of detection. But due to its location, it is difficult to heal it fully. If the cyst is formed around the biliary tree than the risk of mortality increases in adulthood. Hence it is best to remove the cyst in infancy itself with the best pediatric urologist in town.
It is very rare for a child to develop a cyst as it strikes around 1 in 1,00,000 kids. This factor is true for western countries and certain E.Asian countries like Japan. So it would be wrong to say that it affects all kids and a child will always be born with this ailment.