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About Dr.Sujit

Dr. Sujit Chowdhary is a leading Pediatric Urologist in Delhi-NCR. He currently serves as the Senior Consultant for Pediatric Urology and Pediatric Neurosurgery at the prestigious Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi since 2005. Dr. Sujit has professional experience of over 25 years in the field of Pediatric Urology with absolutely zero complaints.

What is anorectal malformation?

Most of the times a child’s anus and rectum are in perfect shape. These give a smooth bowel movement. But things change in anorectal malformation. In this condition, the anus and rectum of the fetus are not properly developed. When this happens the baby’s bowel movement gets affected. However, it only strikes in rare cases.

It affects both boys and girls equally as the fistula is present in both of their urinary tract systems.

What might cause anorectal malformation in the baby?

These are identified as the most potent reasons for anorectal malformation.

  • Late separation of anus and rectum- If the separation occurs after the 10th week in the womb then these won’t get separated.
  • Genetics factor- It runs in the family.
  • Neurological ailments- If the fetus suffers from neural ailments like spina bifida.

How do I recognise the symptoms of Anorectal malformation in my baby?

The symptoms of anorectal formation vary from child to child. It is largely dependent on the location of the malformation.

  • If the anal passage is narrow then the baby can’t pass stool or suffers from constipation.
  • If there is a membrane over the anal opening then the bowel movement gets impacted drastically.
  • If there is a fistula but the rectum is not connected then stool leaves the body but enters the urinary tract.
  • If there is no fistula and rectum too is not connected to the anus and rectum then the baby won’t have any bowel movement at all.

What is the best method to heal anorectal malformation in kids?

The best option available to any parent is the choose the surgical method to correct this malformation. The advancement of technology has made it easier to perform this operation on newborns too. We use minimally invasive technology to heal various levels of malformation:

  • Narrow anal passage surgery: The surgery is done to correct the position of the anal opening and relocating it.
  • Anal membrane obstruction ailment surgery: The tools remove the disturbing membrane from the anus. After this dilation is performed to spread the anal passage. This allows the proper bowel movement.
  • For rectal anal connection surgery. It is the most complex surgery as it involves the connection anal and fistula. The best surgery for this is a colostomy.

FAQ

Is anorectal formation hereditary?

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Is it curable?

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